The Bactra Review   Thought Contagion
Lynch's argument makes it very hard if not impossible to understand how the Social Democratic Party could have gotten a third of the vote in Germany before the First World War, or how the Communists could become one of the leading parties in Italy after the Second, or even how the British Labour Party could come to power after that war. It's a very American perspective on socialism and Communism, which forgets what America was fighting against in the '40s and '50s. For all this, and much else besides, see Adam Westoby's The Evolution of Communism (NY: The Free Press, 1989), which flirts with memetic notions later developed in ``The Ecology of Intentions: How to Make Memes and Influence People,'' a manuscript on which Westoby was working at the time of his much-to-be-regreted demise.