Partisanship (Yet Another Inadequate Placeholder)21 May 2020 13:59
That is, organizing politics around contending political parties, especially ones with broad membership and emotional involvement. (I am thus less interested in mere factions among the aristocracy / oligarchy / hierarchy, which are universal, and one-party states, which lack the element of contention. [Though it is an interesting question why one-party states feel the need to have a party.])
Ancient examples: The Blues and Greens in the circus at Rome and Constantinople. Medieval: Guelfs and Ghibellines in Italy; Hooks and Cods in Holland. Whigs vs. Tories in Britain after 1688? Emergence of modern parties.
It seems pretty clear that in many times and places, party membership tracks other social classifications pretty well --- but which ones, when? When does it cut across other social categories? When does it come to be felt as a primary social category in its own right, rather than as a derivative one?
--- It would be idle to pretend that this interest doesn't largely come from trying to understand what the hell's going on in my own country these days.
- Recommended (obviously inadequate):
- John Levi Martin, Social Structures
- Modesty forbids me to recommend:
- Henry Farrell and CRS, "Cognitive Democracy"
- To read:
- Levi Boxell, Matthew Gentzkow and Jesse M. Shapiro, "Cross-Country Trends in Affective Polarization" [PDF]
- Cedric de Leon, Manali Desai, and Cihan Tuğal (eds.), Building Blocs: How Parties Organize Society
- Morris P. Fiorina and Samuel J. Abrams, "Political Polarization in the American Public", Annual Review of Political Science 11 (2008): 563--588
- Marc J. Hetherington and Thomas J. Rudolph, Why Washington Won’t Work: Polarization, Political Trust, and the Governing Crisis
- Shanto Iyengar, Yphtach Lelkes, Matthew Levendusky, Neil Malhotra, and Sean J. Westwood, "The Origins and Consequences of Affective Polarization in the United States", Annual Review of Political Science 22 (2019)
- Daniel Kreiss, "The fragmenting of the civil sphere: How partisan identity shapes the moral evaluation of candidates and epistemology", American Journal of Cultural Sociology 5 (2017): 443--459
- Michael Laver and Ernest Sergenti, Party Competition: An Agent-Based Model
- Liliana Mason, Uncivil Agreement: How Politics Became Our Identity
- John Medearis, Why Democracy Is Oppositional
- Russell Muirhead, The Promise of Party in a Polarized Age
- Diana C. Mutz, In-Your-Face Politics: The Consequences of Uncivil Media
- Tasha S. Philpot, Conservative but Not Republican: The Paradox of Party Identification and Ideology among African Americans
- Nancy L. Rosenblum, On the Side of the Angels: An Appreciation of Parties and Partisanship
- Sam Rosenfeld, The Polarizers: Postwar Architects of Our Modern Era [Interview with Henry Farrell]
- Frances McCall Rosenbluth and Ian Shapiro, Responsible Parties: Saving Democracy from Itself
- Ben M. Tappin, Gordon Pennycook, David G. Rand, "Thinking clearly about causal inferences of politically motivated reasoning: why paradigmatic study designs often undermine causal inference", Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences 34 (2020): 81--87