February 16, 2011

Testing Parametric Regression Models with Nonparametric Smoothers (Advanced Data Analysis from an Elementary Point of View)

Testing parametric model specifications against parametric imposes strong assumptions about how we can be wrong, and so is often dubious. Non-parametric smoothers can be used to test parametric models instead. Forms of tests: differences in in-sample performance; differences in generalization performance; whether the parametric model's residuals have expectation zero everywhere. Constructing a test statistic based on in-sample performance. Using bootstrapping from the parametric model to find the null distribution of the test statistic. An example where the parametric model is correctly specified, and one where it is not. Cautions on the interpretation of goodness-of-fit tests. Why use parametric models at all? Answers: speed of convergence when correctly specified; and the scientific interpretation of parameters, if the model actually comes from a scientific theory. Mis-specified parametric models can predict better, at small sample sizes, than either correctly-specified parametric models or non-parametric smoothers, because of their favorable bias-variance characteristics; an example.

PDF notes, incorporating R examples

Advanced Data Analysis from an Elementary Point of View

Posted at February 16, 2011 01:45 | permanent link

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